Dirección Nacional del Antártico - Instituto Antártico Argentino
 


ARGENTINE ANTARCTIC STATIONS

Our country has at present 6 stations operating permanently in the Argentine Antarctic Sector, as follows:

  • Orcadas Station

  • Marambio Station

  • Carlini Station (former Jubany)

  • Esperanza Station

  • San Martín Station

  • Belgrano II Station

And 7 stations operating temporarily. They are:

  • Brown Station

  • Matienzo Station

  • Primavera Station

  • Cámara Station

  • Melchior Station

  • Petrel Station

  • Decepción Station


CLASS
NAME
COORDINATES
OPENING DATE
Permanent
Belgrano II
77º51'S 34º33'W
5 de Febrero de 1979
Permanent
Esperanza
63º24'S 56º59'W
17 de Diciembre de 1952
Permanent
Carlini
62º14'S 58º40'W
21 de Noviembre de 1953
Permanent
Marambio
64º14'S 56º38'W
29 de Octubre de 1969
Permanent
Orcadas
60º44'S 44º44'W
22 de Febrero de 1904
Permanent
San Martin
68º08'S 67º06'W
21 de Marzo de 1951
Temporal
Brown
64º52'S 62º54'W
6 de abril de 1951
Temporal
Camara
62º36'S 59º54'W
1 de Abril de 1953
Temporal
Decepción
62º59'S 60º43W
25 de Enero de 1948
Temporal
Matienzo
64º58'S 60º08'W
15 de Marzo de 1961
Temporal
Melchior
64º20'S 62º59'W
31 de Marzo de 1947
Temporal
Petrel
63º28'S 56º12'W
Diciembre 1952
Temporal
Primavera
64º09'S 60º58'W
8 de Marzo de 1977


There are two moments in Antarctic constructions. First houses, storehouses, shelters, power plants, and cold-storage plants, were made in wood until 1960.

At present wood has been replaced by double-wall plastic panels, which facilitate the assembly of modulus mounted between them, and air is used as insulant, by filling them with expanded polyurethane.

They are also reforced with tensile steel wire. The new technique is to close houses, stations or shelters at 360º.

During summer months, stations and shelters are open to carry out scientific research plans. These stations are so-called transitory.




Argentine Antarctic Stations Map (52 K)


There are also scientific camps, set up at transitory stations and having the aim of carrying out scientific tasks scheduled by annual plans, e.g.: historic monuments maintenance, soil, sea water and ice sample collection, population census of fauna and meteorological information.

All these data, taken annually, provide a series of publications sent to the international Antarctic scientific community, and observing one of the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty.



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